|The exterior colors of this
are drawn from the palette of the
Arts and Crafts movement. The low railings on the porch
are made of concrete cast to appear as if they are tree
stumps. This feature is prevalent in Long Beach
bungalows. In this home some windows have been replaced
with non-period windows.
Drive along the streets of
Heights and you will see
California Craftsman bungalows
almost everywhere. The same holds true in the nearby
neighborhood. Most of the bungalows
were built during the 1920s, the peak of bungalow popularity
in the United States. Some have been well maintained or
beautifully restored in the decades since then. Others,
considered to be "fun beach houses" by their owners, have
been modified with no thought for architectural
The architectural characteristics of the California
Craftsman home come from the Arts and Crafts Movement which
valued simplicity of design and natural finishes. While
they may not look truly simple to contemporary eyes, the
Craftsman home was and is a striking contrast to the highly
ornate and decorated Victorian architectural aesthetic which
|This Craftsman home on Ocean
Boulevard includes key characteristics of that style:
- Brown exterior
- Shingle siding
- Large plate glass windows with smaller windows on each
Even the porch addition, on right, is
in keeping with the original design. The brown
exterior is, however, painted instead of being naturally
weathered dark brown.
On Ocean Boulevard, facing the
beach, are a few large Craftsman homes. Much more common,
however, are the smaller bungalows that extend back away from
the beach for about 2 miles. They range in size from about 700
sq. ft. to 1500 sq. ft. -- just the right sizes for working class families of the 1920s.
The Craftsman bungalow was so
popular nationwide that companies began to sell house kits
through mail order catalogs, among them Sears & Roebuck. A
number of homes in Long Beach have been attributed to Sears,
but, in actuality, these "kit bungalows" are more likely
Pacific Ready Cut Homes
which was located on Boyle St.
in downtown Los Angeles. The homes were delivered in about
10,000 clearly marked pieces with instructions on how to
build the home. And many of the homes were, in fact, built
by the homeowners on small lots.
||Salmon was definitely not a color choice
typical of Craftsman homes and the iron railings
leading to the porch are '60s additions. But the
front porch pillars and the wide window and door
frames are standards of the California bungalow.
The interiors of the Long Beach
bungalows are more modest than, for example, the grand
bungalows found in Pasadena, designed by
Greene and Greene.
Almost all are single story. Few have tile work. Few have
fireplaces. Few have built-in seating or impressive
staircases. Many, however, have built-in drawers and
cupboards in the dining rooms and bedrooms.
In many of the smaller homes, the interior woodwork has been
painted white, probably after World War II when the
architectural preference was for ranch houses or
mid-century modern homes with their stark white
interiors and open, light design.